What is Android , you probably do not need to ask. Androids Phone is available in every household in India today. Androids has become a very important mobile platform all over the world by improving itself in a very short time. Although many people will know about what is Androids and what are its benefits, but there are many people who are completely new in the world of Android and who do not have any idea about it. In such a situation, this article will be a very useful proof for those people, along with this, those who have a little bit of knowledge will also get to learn something new.
Well, if I tell the truth, many of us use Smartphones but they do not know whether their mobile phone is Androids or Windows or iOS. There is nothing to be considered bad in this because everyone works in different fields, so if I ask a teacher to cut wood, he may not be able to do it, similarly if I ask a woodcutter to teach, he cannot do it. .
In the same way, not all people know so much about Mobiles or Computers, that’s why we team of Hindime always want that how to provide information related to Computer, Mobile or Internet to those needy and we are doing this with the help of you people. To some extent have been successful.
Keeping the same objective in mind, today I am going to give you complete information about what is Android Operating System so that next time someone asks you any other information related to Android Phones or Android, then you too will be able to answer it. May be Because I believe that if you do not know any information, then there is nothing wrong in it, but if you do not want to know something new, then it is very wrong.
What is Android
Android is not a phone and it is not an application, it is an operating system based on Linux kernel . If I say it in simple language, Linux is an operating system which is mainly used in server and desktop computers. So Androids is just a version of Linux which has been made after many modifications. Yes but it is related.
Androids is such an operating system that was designed keeping in mind the mobile. So that all the functions and applications of the phone can be run easily in it. Whatever you see in the display of the phone, they are all part of the operating system . Whenever you receive a call, text message or email, your OS processes it and presents it to you in a readable format.
Android OS has been divided into many versions and which have been given different numbers according to their features, operation, stability. So if you have ever heard a name such as Androids Lollipop, Marshmallow or Nougat then let me tell you that all these are the names of different versions of Androids OS or Operating System.
Android Inc. History of
Android Inc. The original creators are Andy Rubin , who was bought by Google in 2005, and after that he was made the main of Android Development. Google bought Androids because they thought that Androids is a very new and interesting concept, with the help of which they can make a powerful but free operating system and which later proved to be true too.
With the help of Android, Google got a good reach of younger audience and with this very good employees of Android also joined Google.
On March 2013, Andy Rubin decided to leave the company and decided to work on his second project. But even after this, there was no ups and downs in the status of Androids and Andy Rubin’s vacant place was filled by Sundar Pichai. Pichai, who hails from India, used to be the head of Chrome OS before this and Google made good use of his expertise and experience in this new project.
Android is the best mobile operating system
Android is such a great mobile operating system that has been created by Google, if seen, then the software made by Google is used in almost all mobile phones in the world today. Except for Apple’s iPhones only. Androids is a Linux-based software system. As Linux is an open source software and with this it is also absolutely free. This means that other mobile companies can also use Androids Operating Systems. The distinguishing factor in this is that the kernel of this brand. Hosts the Central Core of Androids which is essentially a strip code and which helps the software to operate.
Versions of Android
Below I have mentioned about the different versions of the Android Operating System. These are the versions that Android has released so far. And probably we have used many for the past few years and are still doing so.
- Android 1.0 Alpha
- Android 1.1 Beta
- Android 1.5 Cupcake
- Android 1.6 Donut
- Android 2.1 Lightning
- Android 2.3 Froyo
- Android 2.3 Gingerbread
- Android 3.2 Honeycomb
- Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich
- Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
- Android 4.2 Jelly Bean
- Android 4.3 Jelly Bean
- Android 4.4 KitKat
- Android 5.0 Lollipop
- Android 5.1 Lollipop
- Android 6.0 Marshmallow
- Android 7.0 Nougat
- Android 7.1 Nougat
- Android 8.0 Oreos
- Android 8.1 Oreos
- Android 9.0 Pie
- Android 10
Evolution of Android OS – Journey from Android Beta to Pie
I think all of you may be using Androids Phones, or you may also be using Tablets in which the Androids Operating System is used. Let me tell you that Androids was developed by Google and Open Handset Alliance.
After that Androids has been releasing its new new versions since November 2007. One particularly interesting thing is that Androids versions are given a special code name and are released in alphabetic order. This work is being done since April 2009.
It has different names such as Cupcake, Donut, clair, Froyo, Gingerbread, Honeycomb, Ice cream sandwich, Jelly Bean, KitKat, Lollipop, Marshmallow, Nougat, Oreo and Pie. Seeing the name, you must have come to know that it is named after desserts from all over the world.
Android Versions and Their Features
Now I am going to tell you people about different versions of Androids Operating System so that you can know what changes Androids has brought in different versions.
This was the first Android version and was released in November 2007.
This was the first commercial version which was released on September 23, 2008. It had many features such as Android Market application, web browser, zoom and plan full HTML, and XHTML web pages, cameras support, access to web email servers; Gmail; Google contacts; Google Calendar; Google maps; Google Sync; Google Search; Google Talk; YouTube; Wi-Fi etc.
This version is also known as “Petit Four” and it was released on February 9, 2009. It had the facility of longer in-call screen timeout by default when you use the speakerphone. Along with this, there was also a facility to save attachments of messages in it.
Android 1.5 Cupcake
This Android 1.5 version was released in April 30, 2009, and it was based on Linux kernel 2.6.27. This was the first version that was named after a dessert. This updated version had many such features as support for Widgets, third party virtual keyboard, video recording and playback, animated screen transitions etc. And with this you could upload videos to YouTube and photos to Picasa.
Android 1.6 Donut
It was released on September 15, 2009, and was based on Linux Kernel 2.6.29. This version had many such features as multilingual speech synthesis, gallery, camera, camcorder etc. Along with this, it also supported WVGA screen resolutions.
Android 2.0/2.1 Lightning
On October 26, 2009, Eclair was released, which was based on Linux kernel 2.6.29. With this change, it also had many features such as expanded Account sync, Exchange email support, Bluetooth 2.1 support. Along with this, you could also call, SMS or email anyone by tapping the Contacts photo in it, along with it also had the facility of search all saved SMS and MMS. Along with this other facilities like new camera features, improved typing speed on the virtual keyboard, improved google maps 3.1.2 were also available.
Android 2.2.x Froyo
Android 2.3.x Gingerbread
On December 6, 2010, Gingerbread was released, which was based on Linux kernel 2.6.35. It had many features like extra-large screen sizes, faster text input in the virtual keyboard, enhanced copy paste functionality, support for Near Field Communication, New Download Manager. etc. With this Gingerbread used to support many more things like multiple cameras on the device, improved power management, concurrent garbage collection etc.
Android 3.x Honeycomb
This version Android 3.0 was released on February 22, 2011. It was based on Linux kernel 2.6.36. It had a new virtual and “holographic” user interface with an added system bar, action bar and redesigned keyboard attached. Along with this you also had other features like multitasking, allows multiple browser tabs, provides quick access to the camera, support video for chat using Google Talk.
Android 4.0.x Ice Cream Sandwich
The Ice Cream Sandwich version was publicly released on October 19, 2011, in. Its source code was made available on November 14, 2011. With the help of this version, folders could be easily created, many features were available like separation of widgets in a new tab, integrated screenshot capture, better voice integration, consist of face unlock, along with customizable launcher, improved copy and paste functionality There were also features like, built-in photo editor, improved camera app with zero shutter lag. Android 4.0 consist of Android Beam a near field communication feature and support WebP image format.
Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
Google released Android 4.1 (Jelly Bean) on June 27, 2012, and it was based on Linux kernel 3.0.31. The main purpose of this version was how to increase the functionality and performance of the user interface. This version has many features such as bi-directional text, ability to turn off notifications on apps, offline voice detection, Google Wallet with it, shortcuts and widgets, multichannel audio, Google Now search application, USB audio, audio chaining etc.
What was in its second version 4.2 had many new features such as new redesigned clock app and clock widgets, multiple user profiles, Photospheres, Daydream ScreenSavers etc.
Android 4.4 “KitKat”
Google released Androids 4.4 KitKat in October 2013, and that too with the Nexus 5 smartphone. This is the first time in the history of Google that Google has partnered with another brand for Androids mascot. Yes friends, Google did a very big marketing campaign with Nestle to promote KitKat.
The main objective of the company was to make this new OS even more efficient, faster and less resource intensive. This OS could also run in low-end hardware and older hardware so that other manufacturers could use it in their existing models. Due to this they also got more encouragement. There were also some very special features in it, about which I have mentioned below.
- Google Now in the home screen
- New Dialer
- Full-screen apps
- Unified Hangouts app
- Redesigned Clock and Downloads apps
- Productivity enhancements
Android 5.0 L
When Android L was about to be released, there was a lot of whisper among people about its name, some were giving it the name of Licorice, some Lemonhead and some were giving it the name of Lollipop. And when it was released on October 15, 2014, it was named Android Lollipop. In this, many such features were adopted which were not present in it earlier.
- Enhanced Material Design, along with great colorful interfaces, playful transitions and more.
- Multitasking has been redefined so that it can do even better
- Some changes were brought in Notification so that you can see all the notification together in HomeScreen itself and can also cancel it.
- Best Battery Life
- This mobile OS was no longer limited to phones only, but now Android Wear was also promoted so that you could use it in your hands.
Android 6.0 Marshmallow
This version of Android was released on October 5, 2015. It was very similar to the previous Os in appearance. But some important changes were brought in it which set it apart. I have mentioned below about some such features so that you can get more information about it.
- Google Now on Tap, with the help of which you can do other things without closing any app. In this, you just have to press the Home button for a long time and Google Now will be overlayed with your current app.
- Slight improvement in Cut & Paste. So that it is easy for the user to use it.
- Voice Search directly from Lock Screen, earlier only camera and emergency calls could be done but now Voice Search can also be easily done with it.
- Excellent Security
- Change in App Permission, in which earlier users did not have any rights over it, meaning users could not change it but now it can be changed, for which you first have to go to Settings > Apps > [tap a particular app] > Permissions here you can choose any Features can be turned on and off.
- Google Settings in one place
- For Smart Lock Passwords
- Better Power Saving Options for which you have to follow this path Settings > Battery > Battery optimization (available via the menu in the top-right corner)
- New UI tuner setting
- With this you can also easily edit the Quick Setting Menu.
Android 7.0 Nougat
Android Nougat was released with Google’s Pixel (Pixel XL) phones on October 4, 2016. It had many exciting features which were not present in earlier Android versions.
- Night Light by which you can easily sleep even at night without any problem
- Fingerprint swipe down gesture, for this all you have to do is swipe your finger across the screen
- Daydream VR Mode
- App Shortcuts
- Circular app icons support
Along with this, some special features were also made available for Google’s Pixel users. for example
- Pixel Launcher
- Google Assistant
Unlimited original quality photo/video backup to Google Photos.
- Pixel Camera app
- Smart Storage As soon as the storage is exhausted, the storage deletes the old backup so that the new one can be stored.
- Phone/Chat support
- Quick Switch adapter wired setup के लिए from Android or iPhone.
- Dynamic calendar date icon.
Android 8.0 OREO
This was a very good Android OS update, which has been replaced by the new update, if I say more about it, then this Android 8.0 Oreo was released on August 18, 2017. At present, you can use it in only a few devices such as Pixel, Pixel XL, Nexus 5X, Nexus 6P, Nexus Player, and the Pixel C. And the update will be made available in other SmartPhones by the end of 2017. Now let us know what are the new features in this Android update.
- Enhanced Battery Life
- Picture-in-Picture (PiP) According to this, if you are watching a movie and if you want to send an email, then you can easily do this work.
- Smart Text Selection
- Notification Dots in which if some new notification comes in any app then it will appear on it
- Better Google Assistant
- New Autofill feature
- Wi-Fi Awareness In this, your mobile will automatically start after coming to a wifi zone.
- More Safe and Secure
Android 9.0 Pie
The latest Android OS update is now. This Android 9.0 Pie Os has been officially released on August 6, 2018. It is named Android Pie, and it has many such new and exciting features that make it special. If you have a Pixel smartphone, then you will get all the updates of Android Pie very comfortably but only to the digital detox elements. Excluding.
Other Android smartphones, such as Sony, Xiaomi, Oppo, Vivo, OnePlus and Essential will get these updates within a few months. Google itself has told that all these devices are part of their beta program.
Now let us know what are the new features in this Android update.
- Adaptive Battery : Adaptive Battery has been used in this, which uses machine learning to make apps work properly. Apart from this, apps are used in an energy-efficient manner so that they are turned on only when the user uses them, otherwise they remain in inactive condition.
- Adaptive Brightness : It provides ambient lighting according to your personal preferences, and it makes those adjustments in the background for you.
- App Actions : This is a very new feature in which OS can predict what action you are going to take next on the user’s app usage. This App can be used for Predictions.
- Android Dashboard : It has been specially designed to understand the habits of the user, which can provide you with meaningful engagement. It can show you how many times you unlock your phone, how many notifications you received, how many apps you used. Along with this, it gives you control over how and when you are spending your time.
- App Timer : This feature gives you control over how long you want to use your apps, it gives you notification at the end of time. This is going to be very important for those people who want to make good use of their time.
- Slush Gesture : With this feature, you can turn your phone on and automatically bring it into Do Not Disturb mode.
- Wind Down Mode : In this feature, all you have to do is tell the Google Assistant about your sleeping time and when that time is near, it automatically turns on Do Not Disturb and turns on the greyscale mode of your screen. Is.
Android 10 is Google’s latest Mobile OS which has not been released yet. After Android P, many new features have been added to it and keeping in mind the safety and security of the users, new safety features have also been installed in it.
Now let’s also know about some special features of Android Q.
Better Permissions Controls
Compared to the rest of the Android version, we will get to see much better permission control in this so that the user will get more control over his phone.
heard that Samsung and other compaines are going to launch foldable phones soon and in such a situation they will need a new OS. That’s why it has already been made in line with foldable phones.
In this, faster sharing can be done than the first OS version. Which is going to be very useful for the users going forward.
recording The facility of built-in screen recording has been provided so that screen recording can be done easily.
In-app settings panel
In this, many such settings have been provided in the In-app settings panel which can increase the usability of the user.
The presence of system-wide dark mode was
a much awaited update that was desired by many android users. That’s why they have provided system wide only dark mode in the new update.
Depth formats for
Photos In Photos too, they have used depth formats to improve this so that the resolution of photos can be greatly improved.
It has now started supporting HDR10+ as well.
New theming options
Many new theming options have been provided in this so that now users can easily choose the theme they want.
Better privacy protections in Android
As Android has already promised that they will strengthen the privacy protection of the new OS and they have done the same with this new OS.
Do Android updates cost money?
Downloading and installing Android Updates is absolutely free. By updating you can get many new features in your mobile phone. And with this, with each update, there is an increase in the speed and performance of your Android Phones.
Mostly in new and high-end Android phones, you can get the new updates of Android first. Yes, let’s assume that you will definitely get at least one update in all Android phones and maybe you can get updates twice in any phone.
Is Android’s Biggest Competitors Apple and Windows Phone?
Apple may be the biggest competitor of Android, but with it Windows Phone has also joined this race. Slowly but surely Windows Phone is also spreading its footing and developing itself according to a reputable mobile ecosystem. Admittedly, Apple and Android phones are still the first choice of people in the market, yet Windows Phone wanted to increase curiosity among people by giving good cameras in Nokia Mobiles.
Apple started both the smartphone and tablet industries together when they released the iPhone in 2007 and the iPad in 2010. Both of them not only did well in the market but also got a lot of support by the people. In the same way, Android has also established its own good possession all over the world. If we talk about popularity, even now Apple is performing better than Android. Similarly, if they are placed in the number of less than more popular, then the first number can be placed in Apple’s second, Android’s and third place Windows.
This “Open Source” model is what makes Android unique.
The biggest competition of Android SmartPhones and Tablets comes in the Apple iPhone and iPad. The biggest difference between these two operating systems is that Android’s OS is open source and free, while Apple’s iOS is completely closed, meaning nothing can be tampered with. For example, in iOS, we cannot change the default browser from Safari to Google Chrome.
In Apple, you have many restrictions in these default apps, due to which there is a big problem in using them and you cannot even try anything new in it. Whereas, being Open Source in Android, you can use the apps you want in it. The fight for the use of these two is very old, here in one thing I want to tell you that it is all a matter of personal preference. The rest is up to you as to what type of SmartPhone you want to use.
Android Meaning in Hindi
By the way, the way Android is launching its new products and adopting new technology, the future of Android looks very bright. Recently, Google has already given predictions about its future with strange gadgets like Smart Watch, Google Glass, Google Cars. We hope that Google is even more successful in this historic step. And create more great things to help the common people.
what did you learn today
I have full hope that I have given you complete information about what is Android and I hope you have understood about Android. I request all of you readers that you also share this information in your neighborhood, relatives, your friends, so that there will be awareness among us and everyone will benefit a lot from it. I need your cooperation so that I can pass more new information to you guys.
It has always been my endeavor that I should always help my readers or readers from all sides, if you people have any doubt of any kind, then you can ask me without any hesitation. I will definitely try to solve those doubts. How did you like this article Android, do tell us by writing a comment so that we too get a chance to learn something from your thoughts and improve something.