Let’s know about What do Rats Eat. Many people associate rats with eating cheese, but we know that their diet should exceed that for optimal health. Rats are omnivores, so they require a variety of nutrients in their diet. By giving your pet a proper diet, you will help it live as long and healthy as possible.
General Mouse Food Guidelines
It is also common to see mouse food advertised as feed for other pet rodents including rats, hamsters and gerbils. These rodents all have similar dietary requirements, but not all of them are ideal for a mouse. Ingredients you should look for in mouse food may include:
Mouse/rat pellets – Originally designed for laboratory rats and mice , rodent pellets or blocks contain essential vitamins, minerals, proteins, and other essential nutrients that rats require. These are hard, brown colored blocks which are usually rectangular in shape. They are good for keeping your mouse’s teeth trim as well as the bulk of the nutrition that a mouse needs to stay healthy.
Fruits – Rats can enjoy and eat different types of different fruits. Some mice will develop preferences for certain items, but you can introduce your mouse to apples, pears, bananas, melons, peaches, plums, oranges, and berries to name a few.
Vegetables – There are also many fresh vegetable options that can be fed to rats. Broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, ends, carrots, bok choy/other Asian greens, celery, parsley, corn, beans, peas, and tomatoes can be used.
Minimum dietary requirements are not the same as optimal dietary requirements, so what is recommended for the laboratory mouse may not necessarily be the pet mouse needs. Unfortunately little research has been done on mouse feeding for longevity though and not only for short term research purposes. Per available research , rats are generally recommended to receive about 2 grams of potassium, 3 grams of phosphorus, 5 grams of calcium, 0.5 grams of sodium, 180 grams of protein, 35 milligrams of iron, 10 milligrams of manganese, and a variety of Other vitamins and minerals per kilogram of food. The fat content of the food you feed is about five percent, which is similar to a rat’s requirements.
100 Famous and Funny Names for Your Pet Rats
Seed mixes are regularly sold and used to feed rats, but a mouse usually chooses its favorite item and can’t eat it all. These mixes often contain pellets or blocks and dried fruits and vegetables, but because the seeds are more appealing and tasty to the mouse, they will avoid what is ingesting them and eat what they want. This is why seed mixes are not recommended for PET rats. Seeds should only be offered as a treat.
Fresh, clean water should also be provided to the mouse at all times. Fruits and vegetables will offer some hydration but a water bowl and/or bottle should also be available.
How much and when to feed your pet mouse
Many mouse owners will simply fill a bowl with mouse food and refill it as necessary, but this is not ideal. A small bowl or plate with fresh food should be offered daily. Extraordinary food each day, especially fresh fruits and vegetables, should be discarded to prevent your mouse from consuming spoiled food. A few large blocks or a small handful of pellets should be enough food for a mouse’s daily consumption, in addition to a small amount of fruit and vegetable pieces. Allow your mouse to have some variety and move around to see what kind of fresh foods it eats. An occasional treat of grains, seeds, or crackers is fine, especially if you’re trying to give your mouse a hand , but it shouldn’t make up more than 10 percent of the daily diet.
Research has shown that a typical adult male mouse will consume about 3 1/2 to 4 grams of food (about the same weight as a teaspoon of sugar) and about 100 calories each day. These requirements will vary greatly depending on the genetics and activity level of your mouse, as well as the food you feed. If your mouse is pregnant, nursing, or still growing, the food requirements will increase as well.
What should rats not eat?
Despite the fact that the rat may eat something voluntarily, there are foods that are not ideal for a mouse to consume. Foods high in fat and sugar may be popular with your pet mouse but they are very bad for them. Candy, cookies, peanut butter, chocolate, and bacon are some examples of foods that should not be fed to rats. Some will offer very small amounts of cooked pasta or bread, but cheese is not generally a favorite food among rats, despite popular belief.