Republic Day (India Republic Day) is a national festival of India which is celebrated every year on 26 January . On this day in 1950 , the Constitution of India was implemented by removing the Government of India Act ( 1935 ). To become an independent republic and establish the rule of law in the country, the constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 and it was implemented with a democratic government system on 26 January 1950 . 26 January was chosen because on this day in 1930 the Indian National Congress (INC) had declared India as Purna Swaraj. It is one of the three national holidays of India, the other two being Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti .
On this day every Indian pays tribute to every person who laid down his life for his country, on the eve of Republic Day, the national husband gives the message of the name of the national, many programs are organized in schools, colleges etc.
• The Indian flag is hoisted at the Red Fort in Delhi by the President of India on 26 January .
On January 26, many attractive and captivating programs are performed in the capital of our country, the capital of the country, Delhi is decorated like a bride, a parade is taken out in Delhi with great pomp from every corner of the country. People come to Delhi to see the parade of 26 January in Delhi, weapons are displayed with great pomp in Delhi, on the day of 26 January, the President’s ride is taken out with great pomp and many other interesting programs are organized. Is
January 26 is celebrated in every corner of the country, many types of programs are organized, dance, drama etc. This festival of 26 January is celebrated not only by India but by every Indian living all over the world.
Purpose of Celebrating Republic Day
The main purpose of celebrating Republic Day is that on 26 January 1950, the constitution made after taking 2 years 11 months and 18 days was implemented and our country India was declared as a full republic.
Although our country became free from the clutches of the British on 15 August 1947, but this independence was given form on 26 January. Since then till now we celebrate this day as the day of independence, today we have got complete 73 years of independence.
The independence of our country was not due to any one person, the independence of our country is the result of the sacrifice of many great men like Bhagat Singh, Mahatma Gandhi etc. The patriots could not see their country bound by the chains of slavery, they sacrificed their lives to liberate their country, due to their sacrifices the British had to kneel and they freed India.
On the day of Republic Day, we remember and take inspiration from the sacrifices of these great men that like these great men, we will also sacrifice our lives for our country, we will be ready at all times to protect its honor and glory and never again. We will not allow the country to be bound in the chains of slavery, we all should take inspiration from these patriots and be ready for the protection of the country. One of the purposes of celebrating Republic Day is that we remember the sacrifices of great men and take inspiration from them.
Every Indian should take inspiration from the martyrs of India and keep trying to take their country to the heights and it is the duty of every Indian to contribute their fullest for the development of the country and to protect the country at all times. Stay standing.
In December 1929 , the session of the Indian National Congress was held in Lahore under the chairmanship of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru , in which the resolution was passed and it was declared that if the British government would not grant the post of Dominion to India by 26 January 1930 , whose Under India becoming a self-governing unit in the British Empire itself, on that day announced the determination of complete independence of India and started its active movement. From that day till the attainment of independence in 1947 , 26 January continued to be celebrated as Independence Day. After this, the actual day of independence is August 15, the Independence Day of India.accepted as. After India became independent, the Constituent Assembly was announced and it started its work from 9 December 1947.
The members of the Constituent Assembly were elected by the elected members of the State Assemblies of India . Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar , Jawaharlal Nehru , Dr. Rajendra Prasad , Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel , Maulana Abul Kalam Azad etc. were the prominent members of this assembly. There were a total of 22 committees in the making of the constitution, in which the Drafting Committee was the most important and important committee and the work of this committee was to ‘write the constitution’ or ‘make it’.
Chairman of the Drafting Committee , jurist Dr. Bhimrao AmbedkarWere. The Drafting Committee and especially Dr. Ambedkar ji prepared the Indian Constitution in 2 years, 11 months, 18 days and submitted the Constitution of India to the President of the Constituent Assembly , Dr. Rajendra Prasad on 26 November 1949 , hence 26 November. The day is celebrated every year as Constitution Day in India . The Constituent Assembly met for a total of 114 days at the time of framing the Constitution. The press and the public had the freedom to participate in its meetings. After many reforms and changes, 284 members of the assembly signed two handwritten copies of the constitution on 24 January 1950.
Two days later , on 26 January, the Constitution came into force across the country. To maintain the importance of 26 January, the Constituent Assembly on this dayThe Constitution approved by the Constituent Assembly recognized the republican form of India. As you all know that on 15 Aug 1947 , after the sacrifice of thousands of patriots, our country was freed from the slavery of the British.
After this, on 26 January 1950, Indian rule and law and order came into force in our country. Brothers and sisters, in getting this freedom, thousands of mothers of their country had lost their lap, the vermilion of demand of thousands of sisters and daughters was erased, then somewhere after this great sacrifice, the country could become independent. Just as there is a constitution of the country, in the same way there is a constitution of God, if we all follow the constitution of God towards the constitution of the country, then the society can become crime free and strong.
Republic Day Celebrations
The Indian National Flag is hoisted by the President of India on the Republic Day celebrations on 26 January and after that the national anthem is sung in a collective standing position . Then the national flag tricolor is saluted. Republic Day is celebrated with great enthusiasm all over the country especially in the capital of India, Delhi . To mark the significance of the occasion, a grand parade is held every year on the Rajpath from India Gate to Rashtrapati Bhavan (the President’s residence) in the capital New Delhi . Various regiments of Indian Army , Air Force , Navy in this grand paradeetc. all participate. National Cadet Corps and children from different schools come from all parts of the country to participate in this function, it is an honor to participate in the function.
Beginning the parade, the Prime Minister lays a garland of flowers at the Amar Jawan Jyoti (a memorial for soldiers) located at the India Gate at one end of the Rajpath. After this two minutes silence is observed in the memory of the martyred soldiers. It is a memorial to the martyrs who sacrificed their lives for the country in the war and freedom movement fought to protect the sovereignty of the country. After this the Prime Minister, along with others, comes to the stage on the Rajpath, the President is followed by the Chief Guest of the occasion.
There are also exhibitions of different states in the parade, the specialties of the people of each state, their folk songs and art scenes are presented in the exhibition. Each exhibition showcases the diversity and cultural richness of India. The parade and procession is broadcast on national television and is watched by millions of viewers in every corner of the country. In 2014, on the occasion of India’s 72nd Republic Day, the Department of Protocol, Government of Maharashtra organized a parade at the Marine Drive in Mumbai for the first time , as it does every year at the Rajpath in New Delhi.
Chief Guest of the Republic Day Parade
List of Chief Guests of Republic Day of India:
|The year||Designation and name of the chief guest||concerned country|
|2020||President, Jair Bolsonaro||Brazil|
|2019||President, Cyril Ramaphosa||South Africa|
|2018||Heads of all ten ASEAN countries||Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam|
|2017||Crown Prince, Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan||abu dhabi|
|2016||President, François Hollande , President, Maithripala Sirisena||France , Sri Lanka|
|2015||President, Barack Obama||USA|
|2014||Prime Minister, Shinzo Abe||Japan|
|2013||King, Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuk||Bhutan|
|2012||Prime Minister, Yingluck Chinawat||Thailand|
|2011||President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono||Indonesia|
|2010||President, Lee Myung Bak||Republic of Korea|
|2009||President, Nursultan Nazarbayev||Kazakhstan|
|2008||President, Nicolas Sarkozy||France|
|2007||President, Vladimir Putin||Russia|
|2006||King, King Abdullah||Saudi Arabia king of saudi arabia|
|2005||King, Jigme Singye Wangchuck||Bhutan|
|2004||President, Luiz Insio Lula da Silva||Brazil|
|2003||President, Mohamed Khatami||Iran|
|2002||President, Kasam Utem||Mauritius|
|2001||President, Abdelaziz Bouteflika||Algeria|
|2000||President, Olusegun Obasanjo||Nigeria|
|1999||Raja Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev||Nepal|
|1998||President, Jacques Chirac||France|
|1997||Prime Minister, Basdev Pandey||Trinidad and Tobago|
|1996||President, Luiz Insio Lula da Silva||Brazil|
|1995||President, Nelson Mandela||South Africa|
|1994||Prime Minister, Goh Chok Tong||Singapore|
|1993||Prime Minister, John Major||UK|
|1992||President, Mario Soares||Portugal|
|1991||President, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom||Maldives|
|1990||Prime Minister, Aniruddha Jugnauth||Mauritius|
|1989||naguy van lann||Vietnam|
|1988||President, Junius Richard Jayawardene||Sri Lanka|
|1987||President, Alan Garcia , President, Robert Mugabe||Peru , Zimbabwe|
|1986||Prime Minister, Andreas Papandreu||Greece|
|1985||President, Ra राl Alphonsin||Argentina|
|1984||King Jigme Singye Wangchuck , Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Army, General Rudini||Bhutan, Indonesia|
|1983||President, Sehu Shagari||Nigeria|
|1982||King, John Carlos I||Spain|
|1981||President, Jose López Portillo||Mexico|
|1980||President, Valerie Giscard d’Eastang||France|
|1979||Prime Minister, Malcolm Fraser||Australia|
|1978||President, Patrick Hillary||Ireland|
|1977||First Secretary, Edward Gireck||Poland|
|1976||Prime Minister, Jacques Chirac||France|
|1975||President, Kenneth Kaunda||Zambia|
|1974||President, Josip Broz Tito||Yugoslavia|
|Prime Minister, Sirimavo Bandaranaike||Sri Lanka|
|1973||President, Colonel Joseph Mobuto||jere|
|1972||Prime Minister, Sivasagar Ramgoolam||Mauritius|
|1971||President, Julius Nierre||Tanzania|
|1969||Prime Minister, Todd Zhivkov||Bulgaria|
|1968||Prime Minister, Alexei Kosygin||Soviet Union|
|President, Josip Broz Tito||Yugoslavia|
|1965||Food and Agriculture Minister, Rana Abdul Hamid||Pakistan|
|1963||King, Norodom Sihanouk||Cambodia|
|1961||Queen Elizabeth II||UK|
|1960||President, Kliment Voroshilov||the Soviet Union|
|1958||Marshal Ye Jianying||China|
|1955||Governor General, Malik Ghulam Mohammad||Pakistan|
|1954||King, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck||Bhutan|