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what is chemistry
What is chemistry called what is chemistry- Chemistry is that branch of science, under which the properties, organization, structure and changes occurring in substances and their mechanism etc. are studied.
That branch is called chemistry. Chemistry is called chemistry in English, which has its origin from the ancient Egyptian name alchemy. which means ” black color”
In ancient times, the substances studied under chemistry were called chemising because chemistry mainly studies the organization of any substance and the structure of their fine particles etc.
Apart from this, the properties of matter in chemistry, the interactions in matter and their laws, the effect of heat and their energies on matter, synthesis of compounds,
Analysis, separation of simple and pure substances from complex and mixed substances, etc. Many types of studies are done under chemistry.
Levoshiye is credited with establishing chemistry as a separate branch. Levoshiye is also called the father or father of modern chemistry.
Definition of Chemistry
Definition of Chemistry: That important branch of science in which any substance, substance etc., properties, composition, their use, their benefits, interactions of substances, new substances formed from them, their structure etc.
The study of several important points is called chemistry.
All the things that are seen in human life, medicine etc., are all due to chemistry .
History of Chemistry
The history of chemistry is related to ancient times, at the time when the development of society had started, from that time the history of chemistry also started to awaken.
How are all types of materials consumed by humans and animals made and what are their properties and benefits, etc., were being studied since ancient times.
In ancient times, fire started being generated by rubbing stones, whereas humans came to know about the herbs by looking at the animals.
Maharishi Bharadwaj has described many herbs and their importance in Ayurveda texts. Today the importance of the properties of metals has been told in Ayurveda which has been known since ancient times.
The Sushruta medicine and Charaka Samhita given by Sushruta further extended the history of chemistry, after which acids, bases and salts were also used in chemistry to make many types of materials.
After this, in the 15th and 16th centuries, the rapid development of chemistry started in some countries of Europe and in other countries, scientists studied the burning of wood, burning of coal, rusting etc.
Henry Cavendish discovered hydrogen, while Black Joseph scientist studied carbonates, in this way chemistry continued to develop.
Among other scientists, Priestley studied oxygen, on the other hand Thomson laid the foundation of atomic theory.
Due to which many metals and non -metals were discovered and Mendeleev presented his periodic table.
Invented, Buller created an organic substance called urea, thus today chemistry is divided into one main branch with many sub-disciplines to facilitate its wide field study.
Branches of Chemistry b ranches
Many types of substances and substances are studied in chemistry. So chemistry developed into a very big branch.
So it became difficult to study chemistry in one branch. For this reason scientists have called the study of chemistry
To make it simple and convenient, Chemistry has been divided into several sub-disciplines. Chief among these are the branches of chemistry.
1.Physical Chemistry Physical chemistry
It is that branch of chemistry, under which the laws and principles of chemical reactions are studied.
The effect of heat waves etc. of matter on living beings is also studied under physics.
2.Inorganic chemistry inorganic chemistry
Inorganic chemistry is the branch of science that studies substances other than carbon in which carbon is absent.
In inorganic chemistry, the properties and organization of chemical substances and substances composed of all elements except carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen etc. are studied.
3.organic chemistry organic chemistry
Organic chemistry – Under organic chemistry , the study of compounds, substances made from carbon and carbon is done. Because carbon is one such element,
Which co-operates with most of the elements to form compounds and molecules. In this way many compounds and molecules of carbon are formed.
For whose study a separate branch was developed. In which the properties and organization of all the compounds and substances made of carbon are studied.
4. Industrial chemistry
Industrial chemistry Industrial chemistry is an important branch of chemistry in which substances are manufactured on a very large scale.
It includes all the reactions, principles, and
rules are used, all of them are studied under the industrial chemistry branch of chemistry.
5. Medicinal Chemistry Medical chemistry
Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Medical Chemistry- Pharmaceutical chemistry is that branch of chemistry, under which medicines used in diseases of humans and other organisms are made.
Under pharmaceutical science, the properties of manufactured substances, their use, their organization and methods of preparation, etc. are studied. It is a special branch of chemistry.
6. Analytical Chemistry Analitical chemistry
Analytical Chemistry Analytical Chemistry is the branch of chemistry that deals with the identification and organization of different types of unknown persons and substances.
Their properties are detected and titrated, which confirms how to use the substances in those substances.
7. Agriculture Chemistry Agriculture chemistry
Agricultural chemistry Agriculture chemistry – Agricultural chemistry is that branch of chemistry, under which various types of biopesticides are manufactured.
Along with this, methods of increasing agricultural yield are discovered by studying soil organization etc.
8. Biochemistry Bio chemistry
Bio-Chemistry Bio-Chemistry- Biochemistry is a branch under chemistry, whose study of the chemical properties present in small organisms.
And the study of the chemical substances it receives in animals and plants, knowledge of their organization and properties is obtained.